Raising and defending actions in court
This content applies to Scotland only.
Housing laws vary between Scotland and England. Get advice relating to England
Whether you are taking a case to court or defending a case, you need to know what to do, what procedure to follow and what some technical legal terms mean, this section can help. If your landlord is taking you to court to try and evict you, you need to look at the pages on summary cause procedure for more information.
If someone is making a claim against you and taking you to court, there are several different procedures they can follow.
Small claims procedure is the simplest type of civil law case that sheriff courts can deal with. This page explains what a small claims action is.
If you want to take someone to court using the small claims procedure, you'll have to 'raise an action' by filling in specific forms and following certain rules. This page explains what to do.
This page explains how you'll know if someone is taking you to court using the small claims procedure. It also tells you what your options are and how to respond.
Summary cause procedure deals with claims £3,000 to £5,000. If your landlord is taking you to court to try and evict you, they must use the summary cause procedure.
If you take someone to court using summary cause procedure, you need to filli in specific forms and follow certain rules. In housing law, summary cause procedure is used in eviction cases.
If your landlord takes you to court to evict you, it'll be under summary cause procedure. But don't panic - this page tells you how to defend your case and where you can get advice.
If your case involves a claim for more than £5,000 or is about an issue that involves complicated law (like divorce) it'll be dealt with under ordinary cause procedure. This page explains more.
Judicial review is a complicated process that is only used in certain circumstances. If your case gets to this, you'll need legal advice from a solicitor. Check the what you need to know.