Compulsory purchase orders (CPOs)

In some situations, the council, the Scottish Government or a utility company may need to buy your home from you, in order to build a road, for example, or a public building such as a school, or because the property you live in is dangerous and needs to be demolished. In order to do this, they must get a compulsory purchase order (CPO). This section explains what CPOs are and how they work, and what you can do if your home is subject to a CPO.

Although CPOs can be used by a variety of different agencies, this section uses the example of the council. However, all public authorities must go through a similar procedure.

Housing laws differ between Scotland and England
This content applies to Scotland only
Get advice if you're in England

  • About compulsory purchase orders

    This page explains what compulsory purchase orders (CPOs) are and how they work, and where you can get help and advice if your home is subject to a CPO.

  • Objecting to a CPO

    How you'll know if the council is applying for a compulsory purchase order and how to object. The council may try to arrange to buy your house voluntarily, to avoid the CPO process.

  • Public inquiries

    If anyone objects to the council's plans to buy land using a compulsory purchase order (CPO), a public inquiry must be held. This page explains what happens at a public inquiry.

  • After a CPO has been confirmed

    Find out what happens after a compulsory purchase order has been confirmed. Check what you can do to challenge the CPO, and what the council has to do to take over ownership of your home.

  • Agreeing a CPO price

    This page looks at the price you should get for your home if the council, the Scottish Government or another authority buys it from you using a compulsory purchase order (CPO).

  • Blight notices

    If the council or another public authority plans a development that affects your home, it might be hard to sell at a reasonable price. You may be able to force them to buy it by

  • Home loss payments

    If you're forced to move out of your home, for example, because the council has bought it to demolish it, you could apply for a home loss payment to compensate you for the move.

  • Disturbance payments

    If you are forced to leave your home, for example because it is due to be demolished, you may be entitled to a form of compensation called a disturbance payment, to cover removal costs.

  • Well maintained payments

    If you're forced to move out of your home because it's 'substandard', you may be entitled to a well maintained payment for keeping your home in good repair.

Speak to a Shelter Scotland adviser

Call Shelter Scotland's free housing advice helpline

0808 800 4444
9am-5pm, Monday to Friday

Email an adviser

You can also email a housing adviser. We aim to respond within three working days.

Was this page helpful?