If you want to keep your finances on the straight and narrow, drawing up a budget will really help. This page explains what budgeting is, and contains links to useful websites that can help you manage your money.

Drawing up a budget

When you draw up a budget, you add up all your outgoings and all your income, then subtract the outgoings from the income.

The MoneySavingExpert website has a really useful budget planner.


First of all, consider all your outgoings, that is, the money you spend. Outgoings include:

  • rent

  • mortgage

  • council tax

  • electricity and/or gas bills (these will vary depending on the size of your home and the time of year)

  • child maintenance

  • telephone and mobile bills

  • insurance

  • childcare costs

  • prescription and health care

  • travel costs

  • food and other household expenses

  • television licence

  • loans and credit card debt

  • entertainment.

You should also bear in mind one-off expenses such as Christmas and holidays, and emergency costs, for example, repairs to your home or replacing broken household items such as your washing machine.

The MoneySavingExpert budget planner will help you break down your outgoings further.


Next you need to look at the money you have coming in. This could be from:

  • wages

  • benefits (see below)

  • contributions from your family.

If you take away your outgoings from your income, how much do you have left over? If you don't have anything, you'll need to look at how much you spend in each area and find out where you can cut down. Is there anything you can do without? Can you save energy in your home to cut down on your gas and electricity bills? The MoneySavingExpert website has lots of suggestions of ways to save money without hardship.

Increasing your income

You might also have to look at ways of increasing your income through work, and by checking whether you are entitled to any benefits. Use the online calculators at EntitledTo to work out how much you're likely to get. Turn2us is another useful website that can help you work out what you can claim.

It's always worth visiting your local Citizens Advice Bureau or welfare rights agency to ensure that you are getting the benefits you are entitled to.

Important bills

When you're working out your budget, it can help to separate bills you have to pay (for example, your rent or mortgage, utilities and council tax) from expenses you can do without (such as gym membership or your satellite TV subscription). If money is tight, you should always prioritise:

  • your rent or mortgage - if you don't pay these, you could end up without a home

  • council tax - not paying your council tax can result in severe consequences

  • gas and electricity - if you don't pay these, your supply will be cut off

  • maintenance - if you deliberately refuse to pay maintenance (for example, child maintenance), you could end up in prison.

Getting help

You can get help with budgeting from:

  • the Citizens Advice Bureau or other advice centres

  • Use the Money Advice Scotland website to find an agency offering free, impartial money advice in your area.

  • The National Debtline website has lots of useful information on budgeting and dealing with debt, including self-help packs you can download.

Budgeting Tools

Download these handy PDF's to keep track of your outgoings and plan a weekly menu. Planning your meals will help you keep track of your shopping so that you don't overspend when in the supermarket. 

If you need to talk to someone, we’ll do our best to help. Get Help

Last updated: 16 February 2018

Housing laws differ between Scotland and England.

This content applies to Scotland only.

Get advice if you're in England